India drubbed England in the fourth Test by an innings and 36 runs at the Wankhede stadium in Mumbai, and with it, took a 3-0 lead in the five-match series. This was the third instance of a team losing a Test by an innings after scoring 400 or more runs in the first essay. The previous instances were in 2011 (Sri Lanka losing to England in Cardiff) and in 1930 (England losing to Australia at The Oval).
England won the toss and batted first. It was just what the doctor ordered for them and they were even able to put up a substantial score on the board. However, India outplayed them in all three departments of the game, thanks to extraordinary performances by their captain Virat Kohli, stand-in vice-captain Ravichandran Ashwin and the duo of Murali Vijay and Jayant Yadav. Kohli was adjudged Man of the Match for his knock of 235.
This was India’s 13th win under Kohli from 21 Tests. Only one other Asian captain had led his team to victory in the first 21 Tests of his tenure, and that was Kohli’s predecessor Mahendra Singh Dhoni.
The victory in Mumbai also showcased the extent of success India have had in 2016. This was India’s eighth win in Tests this year, which is also the joint highest by them in a calendar year in the longest format of the game. India had also won eight Tests in 2010.
However, England started well in Mumbai, and one didn’t expect them to go down as heavily as they did in the end. Keaton Jennings, who debuted for England in Mumbai and became Cook’s 14th opening partner in Tests, put on a 99-run opening stand with the England captain. This was the second highest stand between Cook and any of his 14 opening partners in their maiden essay together. The record for this is the 116 added by Cook and Moeen Ali against Pakistan in Abu Dhabi last year.
Debutant Jennings played with great determination against the spin trio of India. He impressed one and all with his innovative yet cautious batting, which helped him score a century in his first Test innings itself. Jennings became the 19th player and only the eighth opener from England to score a century on Test debut, joining an elite list in the process. His 112 in the first innings is also the highest for a player making his Test debut at the Wankhede, eclipsing Owais Shah’s record of 88 in 2006.
Jennings’ opening partner Cook became the sixth player overall and the first England player to score 2,000 or more runs against India in Tests. He now has 2,045 runs from 24 Tests against India at an average of 51.12. However, Cook took 42 innings to complete 2,000 Test runs against India – the second highest number of innings any batsman had taken to do so. Pakistan’s Javed Miandad took the least number of innings (35) while former Australian captain Ricky Ponting took the most number of innings (45) to achieve the landmark.
The Indian spinners were on top in this match again. In England’s first innings, two Indian spinners took all ten wickets. Ravichandran Ashwin picked up six and Ravindra Jadeja took four wickets. This was the eighth instance overall when Indian spinners have taken all ten wickets of the opposition in the first innings of a Test. This was also the fourth occasion when two Indian bowlers took all ten wickets against England in a Test innings. The last time it happened was in 1981 when Kapil Dev and Madan Lal took five wickets each in England’s second innings at the Wankhede.
India’s batsmen gave a good account of themselves in this match again. In India’s first innings, Murali Vijay and Cheteshwar Pujara added 107 runs for the second wicket. This was their seventh century stand in Tests, which is the most by any Indian pair since October 2010. They also became the 12th pair overall to add more than 2,000 runs for the second wicket in Tests. They are also the fourth Indian pair to achieve the milestone after Rahul Dravid-Virender Sehwag (2,632), Dravid-Gautam Gambhir (2,372) and Sunil Gavaskar-Dilip Vengsarkar (2,295).
Vijay scored his eighth Test century which was also his second century of the ongoing series. With that, he became the fifth Indian opener to score two centuries against England in a Test series. The others who have achieved the milestone are Pankaj Roy (in 1951-’52), Budhi Kunderan (in 1963-’64), Ravi Shastri (in 1990) and Rahul Dravid (in 2011). His 136 in India’s first innings was also the third highest by an opener at the Wankhede in Tests. The record is held by Sunil Gavaskar who scored 205 runs against the West Indies in 1978.
Kohli created and broke many records during his knock of 235. His 15th Test century was achieved in 89 Test innings, which is the joint second least number of innings for any Indian batsman to score 15 Test hundreds.
He has now scored eight centuries in his first 21 Tests as captain, which is also the joint third most number of centuries by any captain over this duration in Tests. His eight centuries as captain is also the third most by an Indian captain in Tests after Sunil Gavaskar (11) and Mohammad Azharuddin (9).
During his innings, he also completed 4,000 Test runs, becoming the sixth fastest Indian batsman to score 4,000 Test runs after Sehwag (79 innings), Gavaskar (81 innings), Dravid (84 innings), Sachin Tendulkar (86 innings) and Azharuddin (88 innings). Kohli achieved the milestone in his 89th innings. He is the 14th Indian to scale the 4,000-run peak in Tests.
The 235-run knock by Kohli in India’s first innings is now the highest Test innings by an Indian captain. He broke the record set by Dhoni, who had scored 224 runs against Australia at Chennai in 2013. Kohli’s 235 is also the highest by any Indian player against England in Tests beating Vinod Kambli‘s 224 against England at the same venue in 1993. Kohli’s 235 runs is also the second highest individual score at Wankhede in Tests. The record is held by former West Indies captain Clive Lloyd who scored 242 not out in 1974.
This was Kohli’s third double century in Tests. He is the first Indian player to score three Test double centuries in a calendar year, and the first captain to score two Test double centuries in a calendar year in India. His innings also made him the third captain after Michael Clarke (2012) and Brendon McCullum (2014) to score three double centuries in a calendar year in Tests.
Furthermore, Kohli’s aggregate of 640 runs in this series is the highest by any Asian batsman in a Test series against England. He broke the record of Mohammad Yousuf’s 631 runs from four Tests against England in 2006. Kohli’s 640 runs is also the highest by an Asian captain in a Test series against England. This was also only the seventh instance when an Indian batsman scored 600-plus runs in a Test series. His aggregate in this series is also the second highest by an Indian captain in a Test series. The record is held by Gavaskar who scored 732 runs against West Indies in 1978-’79.
The number of records set by Kohli, though, doesn’t end here. He has now scored 2,580 runs this year in international cricket from 36 matches at an average of 88.96 which is the joint second highest by any Indian player in a calendar year. On the other hand, his 1,200 runs this year from 11 Tests is the highest by an Indian captain in a calendar year in Tests.
Moreover, Kohli’s Test average of 65.50 as captain is the second best among Test captains who have scored a minimum of 2,000 runs.
India’s newest all-rounder Jayant Yadav scored his first hundred in Tests in this match. He became the first Indian and the 19th batsman overall to score a century in Tests batting at No 9 or lower. Jayant was also the 15th player to score a century batting at No 9 in Tests. He added 241 runs with Kohli for the eighth wicket which is now the highest partnership for India for that wicket position or lower in Tests. The previous highest was 161 runs between Azharuddin and Anil Kumble against South Africa at Kolkata in 1996.
India scored 631 runs in their first innings which is now the highest total for any team at Wankhede in Tests. It is also India’s second highest total against England in Tests. The highest is 664 made at the Oval in 2007.
Jennings got out for duck after his century in the first innings, becoming the first player to score a century and a golden (first-ball) duck on Test debut, and the fourth player overall to bag a century and a duck in his first Test. The three other players who have achieved the milestone are Gundappa Viswanath, Andrew Hudson and Mohammad Wasim.
India’s lead spinner Ravichandran Ashwin picked up 12 wickets in this match. He now has 24 five-wicket hauls in Tests which is the third highest by an Indian after Kumble (35 in 132 Tests) and Harbhajan Singh (25 in 103 Tests). Ashwin has also taken 15 five-fors in Tests over the last two years, which is the most for any bowler over two successive calendar years. Sri Lankan spin legend Muttiah Muralitharan had taken 14 five-fors on two occasions – in 2000-’01 and 2006-’07. Ashwin’s eight five-wicket hauls this year is the joint second highest by any bowler in a calendar year in Tests.
His figures of 12 for 167 in this match is the second best for India against England. The record is held by Vinoo Mankand who took 12 for 108 against England at Chennai in 1952. Ashwin’s match figures is also the second best by any bowler at Wankhede after Ian Botham’s 13 for 106 (in 1980). This was also Ashwin’s seventh 10-wicket haul in Tests – the second most by any Indian after Kumble (eight in 132 Tests).
Ashwin’s spin partner Ravindra Jadeja became the 20th Indian to complete 100 Test wickets. He took 24 Tests to get to the milestone, becoming the eighth fastest to do so among Indians.
India’s last defeat in Tests came against Sri Lanka at Galle in August 2015. They have been unbeaten in 17 Tests since then, equalled their record for the longest unbeaten run in Tests. India enjoyed a similar run between September 1985 and March 1987.
With this win in Mumbai, Kohli, as captain, is now undefeated in 17 consecutive Tests which is also the joint second longest unbeaten streak for any Indian captain. This was Kohli’s eighth win in Tests in this year which is now the most for any Indian captain in a calendar year. Dhoni had won seven Tests in 2010.
Furthermore, India have now won 24 Tests against England, which is the joint highest number of Tests they have won against any opposition. They have also won 24 Tests against Australia. England’s defeat in this match was England’s 21st defeat under Cook in Tests which is now the joint highest among all England captains.
Also, this is India’s fifth series win in a row, their joint longest streak of series wins in Tests. They also won five Test series in a row between October 2008 and January 2010. The record for any team is nine by England and Australia.
First Published On : Dec 13, 2016 15:26 IST