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Delhi

Group comes up with green ‘cool bags’ ahead of plastic ban

While the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has given the Delhi government some time to come up with a phase-out plan for disposable plastic, a group of young nature activists have already come up with the solution to replace plastic with ‘cool bags’ (cotton cloth bags). The complete ban on all disposable plastic in the Capital, as ordered by the green court, is to set in from January 1, 2017.

The south Delhi-based group — New Delhi Nature Society (NDNS) — has been distributing these cotton bags to grocery shops and departmental stores to promote the concept. Also, they have tied up with city schools to create awareness regarding the issue.

“In a bid to assist people with the ban as well as to save the environment, the NDNS has come up with these biodegradable cloth bags. We have named them ‘cool bags’, because they are reusable, washable and cost just Rs 20,” said, Verhaen Khanna, 28, founder of the society. The group has procured 2,000 bags for the pilot project.

“The bags are being made by a group of women in a village on the outskirts of Delhi. It is a major source of livelihood for them,” Khanna said. His team has also tied up with the Meera Model School to distribute over 2,000 bags to students there.

“When children go to stationery, shopkeepers give them free plastic bags. These cool bags can be rolled up and easily stored in a handbag or a school bag or laptop bag and carried everwhere,” said Ashna Talwar, a volunteer in the campaign.

She said some shopkeepers and customers have given them a good response but the city needed to be more aware.

In 2012, the government had issued a notification prohibiting the sale, storage, manufacturing and transport of all kinds of plastic bags. The manufacturers, however, moved the High Court against the order soon afterwards.

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Atlanta

A simple solution to end the encryption debate

Criminals and terrorists, like millions of others, rely on smartphone encryption to protect the information on their mobile devices. But unlike most of us, the data on their phones could endanger lives and pose a great threat to national security.

The challenge for law enforcement, and for us as a society, is how to reconcile the advantages of gaining access to the plans of dangerous individuals with the cost of opening a door to the lives of everyone else. It is the modern manifestation of the age-old conflict between privacy versus security, playing out in our pockets and palms.

One-size-fits all technological solutions, like a manufacturer-built universal backdoor tool for smartphones, likely create more dangers than they prevent. While no solution will be perfect, the best ways to square data access with security concerns require a more nuanced approach that rely on non-technological procedures.

The FBI has increasingly pressed the case that criminals and terrorists use smartphone security measures to avoid detection and investigation, arguing for a technological, cryptographic solution to stop these bad actors from “going dark.” In fact, there are recent reports that the Executive Branch is engaged in discussions to compel manufacturers to build technological tools so law enforcement can read otherwise-encrypted data on smartphones.

But the FBI is also tasked with protecting our nation against cyber threats. Encryption has a critical role in protecting our digital systems against compromises by hackers and thieves. And of course, a centralized data access tool would be a prime target for hackers and criminals. As recent events prove – from the 2016 elections to the recent ransomware attack against government computers in Atlanta – the problem will likely only become worse. Anything that weakens our cyber defenses will only make it more challenging for authorities to balance these “dual mandates” of cybersecurity and law enforcement access.

There is also the problem of internal threats: when they have access to customer data, service providers themselves can misuse or sell it without permission. Once someone’s data is out of their control, they have very limited means to protect it against exploitation. The current, growing scandal around the data harvesting practices on social networking platforms illustrates this risk. Indeed, our company Symphony Communications, a strongly encrypted messaging platform, was formed in the wake of a data misuse scandal by a service provider in the financial services sector.

(Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)

So how do we help law enforcement without making data privacy even thornier than it already is? A potential solution is through a non-technological method, sensitive to the needs of all parties involved, that can sometimes solve the tension between government access and data protection while preventing abuse by service providers.

Agreements between some of our clients and the New York State Department of Financial Services (“NYSDFS”), proved popular enough that FBI Director Wray recently pointed to them as a model of “responsible encryption” that solves the problem of “going dark” without compromising robust encryption critical to our nation’s business infrastructure.

The solution requires storage of encryption keys — the codes needed to decrypt data — with third party custodians. Those custodians would not keep these client’s encryption keys. Rather, they give the access tool to clients, and then clients can choose how to use it and to whom they wish to give access. A core component of strong digital security is that a service provider should not have access to client’s unencrypted data nor control over a client’s encryption keys.

The distinction is crucial. This solution is not technological, like backdoor access built by manufacturers or service providers, but a human solution built around customer control.  Such arrangements provide robust protection from criminals hacking the service, but they also prevent customer data harvesting by service providers.

Where clients choose their own custodians, they may subject those custodians to their own, rigorous security requirements. The clients can even split their encryption keys into multiple pieces distributed over different third parties, so that no one custodian can access a client’s data without the cooperation of the others.

This solution protects against hacking and espionage while safeguarding against the misuse of customer content by the service provider. But it is not a model that supports service provider or manufacturer built back doors; our approach keeps the encryption key control in clients’ hands, not ours or the government’s.

A custodial mechanism that utilizes customer-selected third parties is not the answer to every part of the cybersecurity and privacy dilemma. Indeed, it is hard to imagine that this dilemma will submit to a single solution, especially a purely technological one. Our experience shows that reasonable, effective solutions can exist. Technological features are core to such solutions, but just as critical are non-technological considerations. Advancing purely technical answers – no matter how inventive – without working through the checks, balances and risks of implementation would be a mistake.

News Source = techcrunch.com

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Delhi

Delhi Max Hospital twin baby case: Police seek legal opinion after DMC rules out hospital's negligence

A senior officer, privy to the probe, said they were studying the report to ascertain the future course of action.

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Delhi

More than two child rape cases daily in Delhi, experts call for policy for rehabilitation

Till April 30, 282 cases of child rape were reported as opposed to 278 last year during the same period.

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