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Who qualifies as ‘Assamese’? A behold at confidential document on Clause 6 of Assam Accord launched by AASU


On 25 February, a high-stage committee shaped by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), had submitted its solutions for implementation of Clause 6 of the Assam Accord, to Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal, in command that it could per chance perhaps be handed over to Union Home Minister Amit Shah.

This confidential document used to be made public on Tuesday (11 August), by the All Assam Students Union (AASU). In step with PTI, AASU mentioned that the general public has the lawful to know of the contents of the document on Clause 6 of the Assam Accord, a key provision that has been contentious for decades because it debates over who shall be outlined as ‘“Assamese of us”.

This document on Clause 6 defines “Assamese of us” as all persons residing in the territory of Assam on or sooner than 1 January, 1951, and their descendants. It has chosen 1951 as being chosen as a decrease-off yr, has left minority groups apprehensive.

The AASU and one other committee member Nilay Dutta, who is the advocate customary of Arunachal Pradesh, addressed a press conference, saying that they had been releasing it handiest since the “authorities is correct sitting lazy”.

“It has been extra than five months since we submitted the document but there might be purely no action from the authorities. Other folks are asking us every day what took set up to it. Now we enjoy got lastly made up our minds to open it as the of us enjoy the lawful to know,” AASU chief consultant Samujjal Kumar Bhattacharya mentioned.

So what is Clause 6 of the Assam Accord?

As per Clause 6, Constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards, as shall be relevant, shall be supplied to provide protection to, retain and promote the tradition, social, linguistic identification and heritage of the Assamese of us.

The bone of contention since the signing of the pact on 13 August, 1985 has been the definition of Assamese of us, which the committee tried to fix as the tribal, indigenous and all other Indian electorate residing throughout the territory of Assam as per the First Agenda of the Constitution on or sooner than 1 January, 1951 along with their descendants.

The signing of the accord in 1985 ended a six-yr-long, violent anti-immigrant motion, sparked by dismay by the migration into Assam from Bangladesh in the aftermath of the Bangladesh War of 1971.

In step with, the usage of the wrestle as the decrease-off, the Accord outlined any individual who got here sooner than hour of darkness on 24 March, 1971 as an Indian citizen in Assam. Nonetheless the accord didn’t elaborate who falls below the ambit of “Assamese of us”.

On 25 February, the high-stage committee on the implementation of Clause 6, headed by Justice (Retired) BK Sharma, had submitted the document to Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal for handing it over to Union Home Minister Amit Shah.

The chairman of the committee had submitted the document to the manager minister in the presence of your total allege cupboard, top authorities officers, and journalists.

AASU 640

So what does this confidential document snarl?

The ‘confidential’ document launched by ASSU sought to implement the Assam Accord in letter and spirit and has moreover asked the authorities for on the spot measures to seal the India-Bangladesh border. It moreover in actual fact helpful reservation of 80-100 percent in Parliament seats from the allege, while in actual fact helpful creation of an Better Home in Assam.

Who is printed as ‘Assamese’?

In step with The Print, AASU president Dipanka Kumar Nath throughout the clicking conference mentioned that the committee had in actual fact helpful five insist classes to elaborate the ‘Assamese’ holding in tips the implementation of Clause 6 of the Assam Accord.

These classes had been – Assamese communities residing in the territory of Assam on or sooner than 1 January, 1951, any indigenous tribal community residing in the territory of Assam on or sooner than 1 January, 1951, some other indigenous community residing in the territory of Assam on or sooner than 1 January, 1951, all other electorate of India residing in the territory of Assam on or sooner than 1 January, 1951 and descendants of the above classes.

Reservation in Parliament

It moreover in actual fact helpful reservation of 80-100 percent in Parliament seats from Assam wants to be reserved for the “Assamese of us” as outlined above. The document extra in actual fact helpful a an analogous percentage of posts in the Central authorities, Central public sector devices, and deepest sector companies running in Assam wants to be reserved for the “Assamese of us”.

Creation of an Better Home in Assam

The document has moreover in actual fact helpful the creation of an Better Home of the Assam legislature, during which all seats would be reserved for “Assamese of us”. “The composition of the Home shall be from amongst the SC [Scheduled Castes], ST [Scheduled Tribes] and the tribes/communities of the Deliver,” the document mentioned.

Assamese language to remain legitimate language in allege

The high-stage committee in its document has moreover mentioned that the Assamese language might perhaps composed continue to be the legitimate language of the allege with relevant provisions for utilize of local languages in Barak Valley, Hill Districts and the BTAD (Bodoland Territorial Scheme Districts).

The committee moreover in actual fact helpful a critical provision of an Assamese language paper for recruitment in allege authorities companies and products with probably picks for Barak Valley districts, BTAD and Hills Districts.

Land Rights

The committee in its document in actual fact helpful that land rights in Assam be confined to these outlined as the “Assamese”. “Unless the land rights of the “Assamese Other folks” are kindly along with the political rights, it could per chance perhaps be a futile shriek to adopt measures for chunky implementation of Clause 6 of the Assam Accord in its lawful spirit,” it mentioned.

‘Now now not acceptable for govt to neglect document’ 

“We enact now not know where the document is. Is it in the manager minister’s almirah or someplace? Has it been sent to Delhi? It is miles rarely acceptable to neglect the document this kind,” Bhattacharya mentioned throughout the clicking conference on Tuesday.

When asked if there shall be any lawful implication for making the document public, senior advocate Dutta mentioned it could per chance perhaps perhaps now not enjoy any repercussions.

In step with The Telegraph, the ASSU moreover significant that the BJP’s allege unit president Ranjeet Kumar Dass’s recent observation that a lot of solutions in the document would be tense to implement had forced their hands.

“It is miles evident that the document is out in some quarters. Let there be debate and dialogue on what it’s now not implementable,” AASU customary secretary Lurinjyoti Gogoi mentioned.

Uncomfortable that document used to be made public, says CM

Soon after the document used to be made public, termed it as “unhappy” that the AASU made the document public.

Assuring that the allege authorities is dedicated to implementing the mentioned provision of the 1985 agreement, Sonowal in a observation mentioned, the BJP-led authorities will now not enact the rest that can damage the pursuits of the of us.

The Union Home Ministry had in January final yr shaped the committee headed by retired Union Secretary P Bezbaruah, but six of the 9 individuals declined to be part of it, following which the panel used to be reconstituted on 16 July, 2019 with 14 individuals and Justice Sharma as its chairman.

With inputs from companies

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