While much of media consideration is directed at the ongoing farmers’ protests in and spherical Delhi, there has been small examination of how India’s principal agrarian states basically high-tail in regards to the enterprise of procuring and marketing and marketing and marketing farm originate. A sequence of conversations with economists and agricultural marketing and marketing and marketing experts from diverse states point to aspects express to those states, and how farmers and patrons receive in negotiations. The following interview, with aged chairman of the Karnataka Explain Agriculture Impress Commission (SAPC) and professor of agricultural economics at the College of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru, Dr Prakash Kammardi, looks at the agri-financial system of the southern bid.
Edited excerpts apply:
Karnataka amended the promoting and marketing and marketing guidelines in 2013. Has deepest investment attain into the bid after that?
The entry of the deepest sector used to be designed in Karnataka much prior to the just just as of late-handed licensed guidelines by the Centre. I don’t judge sizable deepest investment has attain in, irrespective of the incentives. Expend the instance of tomato. It is within the purview of APMCs, however only 23 percent involves the market. The rest is sold outdoors the APMC. Every twelve months, we gaze agitations of tomato farmers. There are no frigid storage chains, or a correct market. As a result of of the insufficient infrastructure, the demonstrate machine is now no longer doing wisely.
What are the agri-marketing and marketing and marketing inefficiencies as a ways as Karnataka is concerned?
The SAPC has been determining the promoting and marketing and marketing field in diverse parts of Karnataka for diverse commodities. The commission has been specializing in 26 commodities. They include paddy, jowar, ragi, maize, pulses, oilseeds, onion, tomato, pink chilli, mango, banana, and loads others. Fourteen of them are agricultural commodities, and 12 are horticulture commodities. Assign together, they comprise nearly 80-90 percent of the farm originate in Karnataka. In all, about 34 percent of farm originate gets into the APMC. Right here is our extreme mumble. Easiest 50 percent or so of the paddy slit involves the market. The figures for jowar and ragi are 27 percent and 7 percent respectively. The rest of the originate that doesn’t attain to the market is both consumed by farmers or sold out of the bid, especially within the bordering districts. But the principal chunk of it’s sold outdoors the purview of APMC.
Why is the attain so low?
APMCs are positioned at the taluka headquarters. It is intensely complex for tiny and marginal farmers to bid their originate to the APMCs. They’re trapped in money owed. Many of them are in hurt. They need the money valid now. Merchants worship tall landlords and moneylenders protect originate from tiny and marginal farmers at throwaway prices. That is the crux of the sphere.
Our prescription is to make certain the commodities are brought and transacted within the purview, alter and supervision of the APMC guidelines and guidelines. If the farmers can now no longer attain to the APMC, the APMC should always composed form an infrastructure shut to the set the farmers are. The market can high-tail to the village home and fabricate the procurement, in mutter that farmers are now no longer cheated.
What in regards to the farmers that arrange to fabricate it to the APMC?
Essentially the most sharp thing is now no longer even 32 percent of the total commodity that gets into the market is sold above MSP in Karnataka. Ninety percent of jowar that involves APMC is sold beneath the MSP. They are saying the everyday is now no longer correct, the provision is extra and loads others. But we’re correct now no longer ready to honour (the MSP), that’s all. Tur never gets the MSP. The help label of tur is ready Rs 6,000, it’s continually sold beneath Rs 4,000.
If the product is brought within the APMC, it will composed be sold above the MSP. That should always be the closing aim by making programs workable. The machine of aggressive label discovery wants to be improved.
Nevertheless, utilizing this as an excuse, one should always composed now no longer suggest a total loss of life knell to the APMC machine. It would mean that even the small amount of originate that gets MSP at APMC would also now no longer receive respectable charges.
We should always composed as a replace fabricate the machine workable and ambiance suitable. There isn’t very any reason why it will’t develop into ambiance suitable. In case you high-tail to the coastal home, there are very ambiance suitable markets in Karnataka. It wants to be replicated across the bid.
Karnataka also grows coffee and raw silk. How are farmers cultivating these two flowers doing?
Karnataka is the volume one bid as a ways as coffee is concerned. It’s a wisely-established market. There are several procurement centres as wisely. The coffee board dilapidated to alter the market. After liberalisation, it grew to develop into a facilitator, offering the market knowledge referring to international fluctuations, provide-demand, export-import and loads others. The farmers are aware of the market machine. When the worth crashes, they know why it crashed. They’re outfitted to take care of liberalised market structure attributable to the character of the commodity and the coffee board. That is the case with raw silk too. They’re tall farmers. They’ve a gap market, which is established. The farmers that need protection are largely these who grow cereals and pulses.
Does Karnataka accept as true with a correct amount of contract farming?
Karnataka has contract farming for ginger, turmeric, gherkin, medicinal vegetation, rose onion and loads others. Farmers receive receive prices. As a result of they are pre-sure.
Nevertheless it has a disastrous impression on the ambiance. All of these flowers are water-intensive and they utilize sizable portions of pesticides and fertilisers. Farmers deserve to utilize the suggestions of the company. In contract farming, the company has to receive utmost care about quality of manufacturing. Farmers grow originate beneath their dictation. They apply their very accept as true with programs. But they pay small consideration to the ambiance.
Let’s assume, gherkin is cultivated in Hiriyur, and parts of Tunkur. In these places, ground water has been over-exploited. In Coorg and Haasan, ginger and turmeric cultivation has triggered natty-scale water pollution.